Thursday, April 30, 2009

Learning is a process of growth and not apart from development

Learning is a kind of growth which provides progressive and worthwhile improvement in behavior and which results from experience and maturation. The child grows as an individual in a world of things, people and ideas. Education and learning are aspects of growth in physique, social, mental, emotional personality. Growth is continuous which if more rapid at certain stages than at others. A child during his first entrance of the school, find the subjects favorable but as soon as he grows, stages of difficulty arises. Development therefore is not a constant process that is general in character but rather it is just a part or composite of the whole learning process.

Wednesday, April 29, 2009

Learning as a Process of Integration

Integration is a process which functions in the unifying of separate items into a perceptual whole. Related experiences are organized or tied together into bonds of greater meaning. It recognizes the ability to perceive similarities and to organize dynamic system into a unified whole. However, integration alone is not the whole of learning. Analysis as well as synthesis is essential in learning. Analysis refers to systematic examination of the nature or cause of something while synthesis is the putting of parts or elements so as to form a whole. It is forming a complex compound by the combining two or more simpler compounds or elements. Those two components are very essential also in attaining learning through integration. Furthermore, integration also takes place with differentiation. Differentiation is a kind of preparatory process during which the learner is engaging in the process of integration. Learning tends to unite individual differences because the learning acts as part of the unit in his learning. Past experiences help mould organized ideals, concepts, materials, meaning and relation through the process of integration.

Tuesday, April 28, 2009

Factors that may affect the Learning Process

Pupil’s difficulty in learning may be due to these factors:

1. Intellectual factor

Remarkable praises in school is generally closely related to the intellectual level of a pupil. Pupils who excel with high academic performance promote no difficulty in mastering or applying school work. Sometimes, pupils do not learn because of special intellectual disabilities. A low score in one subject and in the other subjects indicate the possible presence of a deficiency.

2. Learning factors

Lack of mastery of what has been taught, limited background of a certain topic or issue and faulty methods of work and study are related factors that affect learning. If the school lacks to evaluate or monitor the pupil’s performance in learning what is being taught, he will surely grasp number of deficiencies that hinders successful development and progress. Lack of knowledge of the basic process or rule in a subject creates weakness or failure in the learning process. That’s why, learning is systematic. Much had given attention to learn the first root methods or steps to prevent many complications.

3. Physical factors

Health, visual and physical defects, nutrition and physical development affect the learning process. Malnutrition interfere the whole aspects of personality of a child. This will affect the visual, auditory as well as the physical health of a child that will alter his ability to learn and concentrate.

4. Emotional and social factors

It is recognizes that various responses of the individual to various kinds of stimuli are determined by a wide variety of tendencies. The kind of pupil-teacher relationships in the classroom, the social interaction of relationships among pupils, the relationships among members of the school staff, the physical characteristic of a classroom, social readiness, cooperation versus competition and pupils’ attitudes towards teachers are some factors resulting from failure of children to achieve a satisfactory social and emotional stability.

5. Mental factors

Attitude plays a large role in the mental organization and general behavior of the individual. An advantageous mental attitude facilitates learning. Attitudes like willingness, cheerfulness, affection, open-mindedness, loyalty, intolerance and hatred are some evidences that drive to facilitate learning. These can distort or modify behavior.

6. Environmental factors

The type and quality of instructional materials and equipment play an important role in the efficiency of the school’s instruction. Classrooms, textbooks, equipment, school supplied and other instructional materials are needed to acquire good learning conditions. It can be denied that the quality and type of instructional materials build due regard in the formation of educational objectives and functions.

7. Teacher’s personality

The teacher is an important element in the learning environment or in the failures and success of the learner. The vital tasks of the teacher should have the power to lead and to inspire pupils through the influence of his personality and example. Frankly speaking, personality of a teacher results to effective teaching and learning. It is impossible for a teacher to bring happiness and cause light is he is in temper. Moreover, sympathetic, loving, enthusiastic and cheerful teacher loved by the pupils. Pupils whose needs are thwarted by rigid control tend to dislike school work and pressures from outside the school will lead to behavioral turmoil.

Effects of Poor Personality in Learning

It cannot be denied that the pupil’s state of mental health influences his behavior. Pupils who are friendly, enthusiastic and well-adjusted can contribute a lot in the society’s progress. On the other hand, the irritable, depressed, hostile and neurotic pupils can create tension on which are detrimental to society. Oftentimes, lack of parental guidance, peer pressure, poor skills, lack of self-esteem and the pressures of handling emotional stress are among the many conditions which disturb his growth and development.
Some pupils are able to handle these pressures but some also succumb and vent their insecurities and emotions upon the outside world that will lead to prone vices and “happy-go-lucky” state of living.
No pupil is free from such peculiarities and eccentricities in life. However, if a pupil thinks about his future and not just to think of what might this day brings, he will really strive to maintain as high as a level of personal adjustments accompanied with his philosophy in life that gives direction and meaning of his education and learning.
The effects of mentally and emotionally unbalanced pupil is to be found in the instabilities, anxieties, dislikes and feeling of inferiority which are found to be maladjusted.
Therefore, the HOME is where CHARACTER FORMATION should begin. The parents must develop love and understanding to their children. Even though, when parents are very busy, sparing to share ample time even just for a few minutes is a worthwhile achievement for the harmonious living and the life of every child. The role of the school is to facilitate the manifested values that the child learns from home. Though we can say that good parents are not born but made to train. There are always rooms for improvement in personality. Shaping our earth is like shaping the children.
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