Pupil’s difficulty in learning may be due to these factors:
1. Intellectual factor
Remarkable praises in school is generally closely related to the intellectual level of a pupil. Pupils who excel with high academic performance promote no difficulty in mastering or applying school work. Sometimes, pupils do not learn because of special intellectual disabilities. A low score in one subject and in the other subjects indicate the possible presence of a deficiency.
2. Learning factors
Lack of mastery of what has been taught, limited background of a certain topic or issue and faulty methods of work and study are related factors that affect learning. If the school lacks to evaluate or monitor the pupil’s performance in learning what is being taught, he will surely grasp number of deficiencies that hinders successful development and progress. Lack of knowledge of the basic process or rule in a subject creates weakness or failure in the learning process. That’s why, learning is systematic. Much had given attention to learn the first root methods or steps to prevent many complications.
3. Physical factors
Health, visual and physical defects, nutrition and physical development affect the learning process. Malnutrition interfere the whole aspects of personality of a child. This will affect the visual, auditory as well as the physical health of a child that will alter his ability to learn and concentrate.
4. Emotional and social factors
It is recognizes that various responses of the individual to various kinds of stimuli are determined by a wide variety of tendencies. The kind of pupil-teacher relationships in the classroom, the social interaction of relationships among pupils, the relationships among members of the school staff, the physical characteristic of a classroom, social readiness, cooperation versus competition and pupils’ attitudes towards teachers are some factors resulting from failure of children to achieve a satisfactory social and emotional stability.
5. Mental factors
Attitude plays a large role in the mental organization and general behavior of the individual. An advantageous mental attitude facilitates learning. Attitudes like willingness, cheerfulness, affection, open-mindedness, loyalty, intolerance and hatred are some evidences that drive to facilitate learning. These can distort or modify behavior.
6. Environmental factors
The type and quality of instructional materials and equipment play an important role in the efficiency of the school’s instruction. Classrooms, textbooks, equipment, school supplied and other instructional materials are needed to acquire good learning conditions. It can be denied that the quality and type of instructional materials build due regard in the formation of educational objectives and functions.
7. Teacher’s personality
The teacher is an important element in the learning environment or in the failures and success of the learner. The vital tasks of the teacher should have the power to lead and to inspire pupils through the influence of his personality and example. Frankly speaking, personality of a teacher results to effective teaching and learning. It is impossible for a teacher to bring happiness and cause light is he is in temper. Moreover, sympathetic, loving, enthusiastic and cheerful teacher loved by the pupils. Pupils whose needs are thwarted by rigid control tend to dislike school work and pressures from outside the school will lead to behavioral turmoil.