Thursday, April 29, 2010

Isfahan, Iran

Isfahan stands in western Iran, about 248 miles south of the capital, Tehran. Isfahan is an old city with some splendid buildings

Isfahan's name may come from an Old Persian word for "army camp,: but the city grew up as a trading center set in rich farmlands watered by Zaindeh ("life-giving") river.

In 1598, Shah Abbas the Great made Isfahan the Persian capital. The Shah rebuilt it as one of the world's largest and loveliest cities. He added the huge Royal Square, palaces, public buildings and mosques. Many of these still exist.

Furthermore, the Masjid-i-Dhah (Royal Mosque) dome is covered in blue enamelled tiles that shine brilliantly in sunlight.

West of the Royal Square stands the Ali Qaou ("lofty gate"). This archway, crowned by a high covered balcony, leads into the gardens of the old royal palace.

Sunday, April 25, 2010

Permafrost

Permafrost is permanently frozen ground. It is found beneath permanent ice and snow. It is also found in large area around the Arctic Ocean where the snow melts in summer but only the top few centimetres of the soil thaw.

Permafrost covers the whole of Antarctica. In the Arctic, permafrost is shallowest near the coast and deepest inland where the weather is coldest. Permafrost 4,495 feet deep has been found in Siberia.

In summer, when the snow melts and the topsoil thaws, water cannot drain into the frozen ground below. The whole surface is marshy.

It is difficult to build on permafrost. Heated buildings have to be insulated from the ground beneath, else they defrost the soil and sink into the mud. Permafrost is also a great hindrance to oil-drilling and mining. But is has preserved the remains of ancient animals, such as woolly mammoths.

Monday, April 19, 2010

Where are lighthouses built?

Lighthouses are built mostly on or near coastal reefs and peninsulas, and at harbors and ports. Some lighthouses warn sailors of danger. Others help to guide them to a safe anchorage.

Lighthouses have been used for centuries to guide and warn sailors. The most famous ancient lighthouse was the Pharos of Alexandria, built in Egypt about 300 B.C.

Early lighthouses were just wooden towers with metal baskets of burning wood or coal hung from poles on top. Many modern lighthouses are built of cast iron or reinforced concrete. Their lights are magnified by lenses so that they can be seen from great distances. The most powerful of all lights shines from the Creac'h d'Ouessant lighthouse. This warns of treacherous rocks off northwest France.

Most lighthouses have sirens that blare out coded fog-warnings. Some emit radio signals to guide ships with radio direction finders.

Friday, April 16, 2010

Video Surveillance captures the real essence of life 24/7.

In this world where sky's the limit, there are possible ways to be detected even though you do various things under the heat of the sun.

In a certain business, to be able to record with what is going on with the world at large and to be able to see life the way it is going everyday, video surveillance doesn't miss to escape every capture of man's activities 24/7.

If there is no one who can detect what people did everyday, there is one possible machine that generates the love of life through a nonstop coverage. Video surveillance helps a lot in all business. With no hiddens, no masks, no take-twos, it perfectly catch what is the real situation and reactions of various people.

This kind of communication is telling that the world has everything.

Thursday, April 15, 2010

Cherrapunji, India

Cherrapunji in India holds the record for the most rain in one month: 30.5 feet in July 1861. It also had the most rain in a year: 86.8 feet in the year up to July 1861. Mount Wai-'ale'-ale in Hawaii has the most rainy days (350 days), and the highest average annual rainfall.

Very high rainfall occurs when warm, moist winds are forced to rise. As the air cools, the water vapor condenses as rain.

Cherrapunji clings to a hillside in Assam, in northeast India. It faces the full force of the monsoon winds as they sweep north from the Indian Ocean in July. As the warm, wet winds rise toward the Himalayas, torrential rain falls for a few weeks. The photograph shows a dense rain forest in Assam.

The Hawaiian mountains are wet all year. They are in the path of the Northeast Trade Winds which pick up moisture from the vast Pacific Ocean. This causes the record rainfall on Mount Wai-'ale'-ale. It has the highest average annual rainfall on earth of 37.5 feet.

Stereo Systems: Makes my life filled with music everyday.

I love music. In fact, I can't live without music. That is why, it has been a part of my routine. I listen to various music especially to the songs of my favorite artist, Celine Dion right at my stereo systems.

Life soothes my pains and sorrows and it all starts with music. I love living with it!

Tuesday, April 13, 2010

Gouffre Jean Bernard Cave

The deepest cave found so far is the Gouffre Jean Bernard Cave in the French Alps. In 1982, a team of French spelunkers reached a depth of 4,900 feet.

On a five-day expedition in 1982, the Groupe Speleo Vulcain set a new world depth recorded for spelunkers. Their route down included a dive thrugh a sump 131 feet long which led them into a new series of descending passages. The final case was measured as 4,900 feet deep.

France has other very deep caves. The Gouffe Berger Caves near Grenoble are .68 miles deep. Gouffre de la Pierre Saint-Martin in the Pyrenees is now known to be 4,429 feet deep.

Snezhnaya Cave in the USSR is now claimed to be the second deepest cave/ Explorers have reached a depth of 4,429 feet. They could feel a current of air coming through the rubble at the bottom, and hope to find another passage descending even further.

Sunday, April 11, 2010

The biggest cave - Sarawak Chamber, Malaysia

The largest single cavern in the world is the Sarawak Chamber, in Sarawak, Eastern Malaysia. It was discovered in 1980.

The largest cave system in the world is under the Mammoth Cave national Park in the state of Kentucky.

Sarawak is part of Eastern Malaysia and is on the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. The Sarawak Chamber is under the Gunung Mulu National Park. It was surveyed in 1980 and found to be 2,297 feet long, an average of 984 feet wide, and at least 230 feet high.

At Mammoth Cave National Park, there is a maze of caves and passageways at different levels. The Mammoth Cave system itself is 190 miles long. Only 2 1/2 miles from the entrance to Mammoth Caves is the entrance to Flint Ridge Caves. In 1972, Mrs. P. Crowther discovered an underground route linking the two cave systems.

Funbrain: Exercise your mind power.

When it comes to games, I can't settle for anything less than funbrain. I know that there are lots of various kinds of games online which portray to give numerous purposes. But what top my choice is the way that I learn while having fun.

I am like a kid who wants to gratify my every satisfaction when it comes to games. Actually, I am not playing just for the sake of playing. I am totally enjoying to play because I learn. And because of funbrain, I get the right choice of fun and learning. The wide variations of choices of the games at funbrain really focuses one main and important purpose - to educate the player. And when I say to educate, they really make their gaming process in a way that players get educational learning.

This game is really fun and worthwhile. That is why, I love playing such games.

Saturday, April 10, 2010

World's Hottest Places

The highest shade temperature on record is 58 degrees in September 1922 at Al'Aziziyah in the Sahara Desert in Libya. Nearly as hot was 56.7 degree Celsius recorded in Death Valley in California, in July 1913.

You might expect the hottest places to be on the equator. Although equatorial lands are hot all year, they are also very cloudy. The hot deserts are near the tropics where the sun is overhead in midsummer. Because there is very little rain, there is very little cloud, so it is sunny and hot all day.

The eastern Sahara has more sunshine that anywhere else: sunshine has been recorded for 4,300 hours in a year. That is an average of 11 hours, 47 minutes per day. So it is not surprising that the highest temperature on record occurred in the Sahara.

Thursday, April 8, 2010

Where do North American Indians live?

In the United States and Canada, many Indians live on land set aside for them by the government. These lands are called reserves in Canada and reservations in the United States.

The United States has over 100 reservations and there are more than 2,000 reserves in Canada. Indians do not have to live on these lands, but may avoid paying tax if they do.

Many Indians hunt or farm, or raise livestock on their tribe's land. Others leave their homes and work in mines, factories or farms elsewhere. Indians living on reserves are often poorer than most North Americans but some tribal lands are rich in minerals or timber.

Reservations and reserves vary greatly in size. The largest reservation is that of the Navaho tribe in Arizona and New Mexico. It is bigger than Portugal in area. The Navaho women in the photograph are weaving patterned rugs on a hand loom.

Lost City of the Incas, Peru

The lost city of the Incas is Machu Picchu in the Andes Mountains of Peru. It is called "lost" because the Incas abandoned it, and the city remained unknown to explorer for several centuries.

Machu Picchu stands only 50 miles northwest of the city Cuzco. But it is perched on a narrow mountains ridge about 6,760 feet above sea level. Forests hide it from below.

This is why it stayed forgotten until the American explorer Hiram Bingham rediscovered it in 1922. Bingham found houses, temples and a hundred stariways. All were built of huge, well-fitting blocks of uncemented stone.

Bingham named the ruins Machu Picchu ("Old Peak") after a nearby mountain. But the Inca name seems to have been Vilcabamba. In 1580, the last Inca ruler of Peru may fled to Machu Picchu to escape the Spanish who had the Inca Empire.

Wednesday, April 7, 2010

Gothic Cathedrals, Northern Europe

Many cathedrals were built in the Gothic style in Europe between the 1100s and 1400s. The earliest and finest of these are found in northern Europe.

Gothic cathedrals are tall, graceful buildings with pointed arches and slender pillars. Many have brightly colored stained-glass windows. Early critics of this style of architecture named it after barbarian tribes called the Goths.

The earliest Gothic cathedral was built at Sens in northern France. On e of the most splendid is Chartres cathedral, also in northern France. This was built between 1194 and 1225.

Chartres Cathedral has the widest nave and the tallest spires in France. Its great stained-glass windows show saints and scenes from the Bible. It also has a maze through which worshippers used to crawl on their knees. The cathedral stands on a hill and its tall twin spires can be seen from a great distance.

Saturday, April 3, 2010

Tsavo National Park, East Africa

The largest African national park is the Tsavo National Park in the East African country of Kenya. The park is one of the world's richest wildlife reserves.

Tsavo National Park lies in southern Kenya. The park is slightly larger than the country of Israel. It consists of dry plains covered with tropical grasses and scrub. Strips of woodland grow along river banks. There are also long, rocky ridges and lonely outcrops of rock.

Visitors come from all over the world to see the park's many wild mammals and birds. Lions, leopards and cheetah hunt antelope such as gerenuk, eland and waterbuck. Giraffes, black rhinos and herds of elephants range through the scrub.

There are hundreds of species of birds. They include great eagles, tiny sunbirds, stately herons, colorful weavers and starlings. There are also eight kinds of hornbill. These are birds with huge beaks.
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