Thursday, April 8, 2010

Where do North American Indians live?

In the United States and Canada, many Indians live on land set aside for them by the government. These lands are called reserves in Canada and reservations in the United States.

The United States has over 100 reservations and there are more than 2,000 reserves in Canada. Indians do not have to live on these lands, but may avoid paying tax if they do.

Many Indians hunt or farm, or raise livestock on their tribe's land. Others leave their homes and work in mines, factories or farms elsewhere. Indians living on reserves are often poorer than most North Americans but some tribal lands are rich in minerals or timber.

Reservations and reserves vary greatly in size. The largest reservation is that of the Navaho tribe in Arizona and New Mexico. It is bigger than Portugal in area. The Navaho women in the photograph are weaving patterned rugs on a hand loom.

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