Saturday, February 25, 2012

How to prepare for a Speech

Public Speaking is the most used form of freedom of expression that has been delivered by prominent government officials, ordinary citizens in a country, leaders of an organization or of the self.  In the olden days, even before the birth of Christ, numerous instances in fact, when anyone dares to question the law and its mandates, person who questioned are subject to speedily execution. That is why, countless mouth are borne in silence.

But now, freedom of speech is a tool of the people to express their views of defending the corrupt and unscrupulous rulers against the oppressed individuals, with no limits. This tool is a strong weapon against the grievances, indignities and abuses which are caused by traitors and predators of the countries around the world. There is no one who will be left silent in this time for the freedom of speech is the right of everyone to express and be heard in and out of the camera.

But before the strike of words fly its wings for catchers of information, it is very important that you should harness your potentials in molding your skills to be an effective speaker.

I have been an active speaker in our community, but I can’t say that I am not in the right track if I will just rely on my self know-how and not to heed from the teachings of public speaking.

To be a good speaker, you should consider your audience. A good speaker is not just to gobble for ideas unlimitedly and let it flow from his mouth “the out-of-this-world” words, but he should know his listeners. You should speak with a purpose. What you say is a bridge of communication from you to your listeners, making that connection of the both of you. You should speak in a manner that will make it possible for you to reach your listening audience to what you intend to speak (desired end).

When we analyze the speeches of William Shakespeare, Martin Luther King, Abraham Lincoln and many others, they speak for the ultimate good of all and because they do, they influence lives. Speeches which are considered effective are those that have an effect in the lives of the people. I tell you, post this question in order to evaluate the effectiveness of your speech: “Would everyone profit by that or would only a few? “ If you think that it will touch, moved, change others, then sure you go, the speech is what we call an EFFECTIVE speech.

Speeches of any kind bring touch to everyone. It depends on how you maneuver, building the thought and what you want to reveal to your audience. If the speech has had no preparation, it certainly should not be made. A prepared speech has gone through practices. The preparation takes months and even years before the presentation or it has been carefully rehearsed before friends. I will share you these important points that somehow help you make a good speech.

The careful choice of the subject is a must.  You must know the occasion for the speech. You must know your audience (educational level, age, etc.) and their interest (the appeal of the subject).  Then go over developing the subject after you have found out the vital information of your audience and their interest. You have to gather facts, read, think harder, make use of materials (Internet, books, magazines, pamphlets, etc.) and interview your friends, the officials, your grandparents, your parents, neighbors or those in authority.  The more evidences and gathered facts you have collected, the faster you can create a good speech. Do not be too much dependent by your own thoughts. 

Then be sure that you should select the genre of your speech. Is it to encourage or convince, to inform, simulate, entertain or to persuade the listeners?

In encouraging or convincing, you have to give your audience the reasons why they should be convinced with what you want to say. You should explain the situation carefully by giving examples, present comparisons and convincing arguments. You should mention what problems stand on the way of the audience and present heavier obstacles against the present ones that could be in the way.

In informing, you just have to simply broaden their knowledge through explanations.  If your speech is to stimulate, you should go over letting them do more on things which they failed to do, but not quitting. Instead help them realize their obligations.

You have to arouse their feelings, to delight or let them laugh when you want them to entertain. You should have the wit and humor; present stories, anecdotes, myths and the like that cannot fail to delight them. Furthermore, if your purpose is to change the minds of your audience, you must employ a vast amount of appeal using all means to make the listeners do what he wants them to do.

To give a flow of the purpose of your speech, it is time for you to plan the speech in making your purpose appear in a proposition. You should make now your outline, that is: Introduction, Discussion and Conclusion.

The Introduction should make your audience feel that they know the important facts about what you want to convey and to what their interest in what you have to say.

A good speech of introduction should tell something of the speaker’s field of work and something of the importance of it. It should mention the speaker’s accomplishment in his field. If possible, it should contain a human-interest element so that the audience will have a warm and friendly feeling for the speaker. Most important, it should give the title of the speech and the name of the speaker.

It is best to include in your speech, before the introductory statements, to introduce the member of the board, etc. It is one way of greeting them before you give your blow. In this way, you are recognizing them and for your benefit, you are settling yourself in a self-contained tone.

In the Body or the Discussion, you should follow the time sequence from the first to last. You should tell what you want to say even it describes a space-order, related group order type, cause and effect order or problem-solution order.

In creating the Conclusion, it could be a simple expression of appreciation of the courtesy and entertainment. It could also be simple parting words. Some speakers summarize their arguments. Others may attempt to further motivate the audience, making them believe in the justice and the desirability of acting the way the speakers wants them to act. On the other hand, in order for your conclusion to be emphatic, you should use specific words. Do not give ambiguously ideas that leave your audience a headache. The words should be colorful. Use words that leap, words that pitch and toss, picturesque words that suggest motion, order or sounds. The use of direct quotation makes persons shine. You can also pose a question, compare or contrast or probably use an illustration as a proof.

Please be reminded:
If the speech has had no preparation, it certainly should not be made. A prepared speech has gone through practice. It should be prepared months before the presentation or should carefully be rehearsed before friends.

Now that you have more ideas on how to create a good and effective speech, I wish you a lot in your pursuit of making your freedom of expression be heard by everyone. Good luck!

Arleen Jay R. Abucay
English Teacher, Blogger and Freelance Writer

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