Monday, July 30, 2012

Freedom: Philosophical View

Freedom is the exquisite part of human existence. It is the verdant of human acts. There are 3 important things in view of freedom. They are:
1. Knowledge
2. Freedom
3. Voluntariness

Freedom is a natural gift. Voluntariness is the principle that follows after knowledge and freedom. One can't exercise full freedom without knowledge, vice versa. Voluntariness follows after knowledge and freedom. There can't be no voluntariness unless there is freedom and knowledge.

Knowledge is categorizes as:
a. What is invincible.  (He knows that he doesn't know.)
b. What is vincible. (He knows that he is ignorant.)
c. What is crass or pretended ignorance. (He projects that he is ignorant in order to escape from responsibility and liability.)

Freedom is not a possession. It is inherent in man as a person. It is a tool to create a moral person. It is a reality of man's existence. And that man is responsible of what he does. The animals are not free. Freedom is distinguished of a person from the other animals. Thus, it is a gift.

Freedom is a priceless gift. It can't be given aways because it is inherent in man's nature. Dehumanized is when freedom is take away from you.

When a person is wrong, he is not entitled to his own opinion. In this way, freedom is not something to be abused rather, it is a tool to create a moral person.

Freedom is not a license to do wrong; but rather, it is a license to do better. There are restrictions of exercising freedom and that is, you should not destroy the freedom of others even though you have the right. Man's purpose is to perfect his existence.

Pope John Paul view freedom as within man connatural to the human person. It is most distinctive sign of man's nature. It promotes man's dignity given to him by his Creator. It is inseparable from freedom which no external or constitute his fundamental right both as an individual and a member in the society.

Man is free because he possesses the faculty of self determination to what is true and what is good. He is free because he possesses the faculty of choice as drawn and moved in a personal way from within and not by blind impulses in himself or by mere external constraint. To be free is to be able to choose. It is to live according to one's conscience.

Freedom is a gift that promote human dignity.

Wednesday, July 25, 2012

Chemistry: What is Matter?

My teacher in Chemistry discusses well. There are lots of things that I have learned from here. That is why, I can thinking of sharing this to you as well.

Substances: Element or Compound
Elements are the simplest kind of matter. It can't be broken down and still have properties of that element. It is all one kind of atom. Compounds are substances that can be broken down only by chemical methods. When broken down, the pieces have completely of different properties than the original compound. It is made up of two or more atoms, chemically combined (not just a physical blend).

Compounds vs. Mixture
Compounds are made up of one kind of material. It is by chemical means and it is of definite composition. Mixture is made up of more than one kind of material. It is made by physical change and it is of variable composition.

Elements vs. Compounds
Compounds can be broken down into simpler substances by chemical means, but element can't. A chemical change is a change that produces matter with a different composition than the original matter.

Chemical Change
A change in which one or more substances are converted into different substances. Heat and light are often evidence of a chemical change.

Properties of Compounds
Quite different properties than their component elements. It is due to a chemical change, the resulting compound has new and different properties:
Ex. table sugar - carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
Sodium Chloride - sodium and chloride
Water - hydrogen and oxygen

 My first notes are also can be found at: http://www.infosforyouandme.com/2012/07/chemistry-what-is-matter.html

Sunday, July 22, 2012

Chemistry: What is Matter?

My teacher in Chemistry discussed to us about Matter and I have thought an idea that somehow I can share what I have learned based from my Chemistry teacher. Here are the parts of the things I take down notes out from her discussion.

Matter is anything that a:) has mass  b.) takes up space
Mass is a measure of the amount of "stuff" (or material) the object contains (don't confuse this with weight, a measure of gravity)
Volume is a measure of the space occupied by the object.


Describing Matter
Properities used to describe matter can be classified as:
1. Extensive - depends on the amount of matter in the sample.
Example: Mass, Volume, Calories
2. Intensive - depends on the type of matter, not the amount present
Example: Hardness, Density, Boiling Point

Properties are...
*Words that describe matter (adjectives)
1. Physical Properties - a property that can be observed  and measured without changing the material's composition.
Examples: color, hardness, melting point, boiling point

2. Chemical Properties - is a property that can only be observed by changing the composition of the material.
Examples: ability to burn, decompose, ferment, react with, etc.

STATES OF MATTER
1. Solid - matter than can not flow (definite shape) and has definite volume.
2. Liquid - definite volume but takes the shape of its container (flows).
3. Gas - a substance without definite volume or shape and can flow.
Vapor - a substance that is currently a gas, but normally is a liquid or solid at room temperature.
4. Plasma - formed at high temperatures; ionized phase of matter as found in the sun.
5. Bose-Einstein Condensate - particle to particle

PHYSICAL CHANGE vs. CHEMICAL CHANGE 
1. Physical Change - change the visible appearance without changing the composition of the material.
Ex. boil, melt, cut, bend, split, crack
*can be reversible and irreversible
2. Chemical Change - a change where a new form of matter is formed.
Ex. rust, burn, decompose, ferment, react with
*irreversible

PHASE
*The term "phase" is used to describe any part of a sample with uniform composition of properties.
A homogeneous mixture consists of a single phase.
A heterogeneous mixture consists of two or more phases.

Mixtures are a physical blend of at least two substances; have variable composition. They can be either:
a. Heterogeneous - the mixture is not uniform in composition
ex. chocolate chip cookie, gravel, soil
b. Homogeneous - same composition throughout; called Solution
ex. cool aid, air, salt water
*Every part keeps it's own properties. 

Solutions are homogeneous mixtures
*Mixed molecule by molecule, thus too small to see the different parts
*Can occur between any state of matter: gas in gas, liquid in gas, gas in liquid, solid in liquid, solid in solid (alloys), etc.
*Thus, based on the distribution of their components, mixtures are called homogeneous or heterogeneous.

Separating Mixtures
*Some can be separated easily by physical means: rock and marbles, iron filings and sulfur (use magnet)
*Differences in physical properties can be used to separate mixtures.

Separation of a Mixture
Filtration - separates a solid from the liquid in a heterogeneous mixture by size
Components of dyes such as ink may be separated by Paper Chromatography.

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People displays a lot of expressions, celebrations, experiences of happiness and triumph and even in success and needless to say, in down times also. What is truly amazing about one's life is the portrait of a true illustration that captivates not just their senses but it will serve as a memory of lifetime promise and smiles that  when history recalls back, one will always cherish to remember.

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Of course, during our happiness and most awaited time in glory like when we do have newborn, when we walk on the aisle with the man/woman we love, when we have our family then of our own, when we share smiles and laughters to acquaintances from various places, when we explore to see what is in the other side of the world for many to know, there is always a need to call the expert Natalya Ignatova for that matter. She has lots of professional experience in her love of photography. In fact, it has been her life since before, taking pictures for quality service and lifetime memories.

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Wednesday, July 11, 2012

Existentialism is about being a saint without a god.

I can do right without the conformity because I have my religion that dictates me to help. I can be a saint in my own way of not relying of the forces by what I believe in. Like, I can save other people's lives even if I am an atheist, a protestant or others. To help is not based on what the law, the rules, the religion or what norms or practices dictates. To help is irregardless of what my religion says about helping. To serve my purpose best is to help others, to do the act as me as me, not as the laws or other people dictates me to do. I can be a hero in my own little ways. 

Sunday, July 8, 2012

Man has a free will to choose good or evil

Man is the greatest creation of God. We are His masterpiece above all His creation. In fact God created man in His image and likeness. But the most solid reason of our existence is the free will that he bestowed us with the freedom to choose between right or wrong.


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