Saturday, September 15, 2012

Medical Terminology (The Nervous System)

My professor in Medical Terminology 1 taught us about the various medical terms in the nervous system. Here are some that I have take down notes:

Nervous System
-is an organ system containing a network of specialized cells called neurons that coordinate the actions and transmit signals between different parts of its body.

-is the body's information processor, without this highly advanced information and communication system, the body can't function.

It has 2 parts:
1. central nervous system - the brain and the spinal cord
2. peripheral nervous system - cranial and spinal nerves

Root Words and its Meaning:
1. neuro - nerve
2. cerebro/encephalo - brain
3. psycho/mento - mind
4. mania - madness
5. phobia - fear
6. esthesia - feeling of sensation
7. cranio/crani - cranium
8. gnosis/gno/gnosia - know, learn, discern

Medical Terms:
1. Neuropathy - any disease of the peripheral nerves, usually causing weakness and numbness.
2. Neurogenesis - the growth and development of nerve cells
3. Neurotomy - surgical procedure of sewering a nerve, the cutting of a nerve, as to relieve neuralgia
4. Nueralgia - sharp and paroxysmal pain along the course of a nerve
5. Hydrophobia - an abnormal or unnatural dread of water
6. Pyrophobia - fear of fire

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